MAHAPRAN JOGENDRA NATH MANDAL (29th January, 1904 – 5th October, 1968)

Mahapran (The great Man) is a title given by the people of Bengal to Jogendranath Mandal a great leader of backward classes during the periods of independence. He is well known to the Mulnivasi Bahujan Samaj as he was instrumental in getting Dr.Ambedkar elected to constituent assembly of undivided India (1946) and securing political rights and representation in the democratic governance of India for the backward classes (SC,ST,OBC). 
The slogan he had coined for getting votes and support for Dr .Ambedkar was as quoted below.

“On battlefield sword is Powerful. On the battleground of Philosophy Pen is mighty. On the battlefield of Democracy Vote is almighty. In democracy Rights of every creature is Safeguarded because it is based on Liberty, Equality, Fraternity and Justice. Individual Rights and Duties are democracy in it lays the peaceful progress of Entire Humanity. To survive Democracy voting is essential behind imagination. Pledge from very moment to cast your Vote. I entreat you to cast your Valuable vote to maintain Democracy…Therefore Dr.Babasahab Ambedkar hold the Nation on the point of Pen. Let try to get Social & Economical equality”.

From the above articulation we can understand the level of command he had on the language and philosophy. More than this it is pertinent to recall that he was a single Non-Muslim leader in Muslim League which after the partition of India on August 15, 1947 chosen Mandal as member and temporary chairman of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, and as the first Minister for Law and Labour of liberated Pakistan. From 1947 to 1950 he would live in the port city of Karachi, which became Pakistan’s capital. However having difference of opinion with Pakistani politicians for disregarding the rights and future of minorities, as well as the vision of Pakistan’s founder, Muhammad Ali Jinnah he resigned from the cabinet in October 1950 and came back to India. Then onward he was associated with Scheduled Caste federation (SCF) under the leadership of Dr. Ambedkar. He played a great role in filling up the occasional vacuums of leadership in SCF caused due to Dr. Ambedkar’s deep engagement with the central government of republic India as law minister. He had chaired on of the very famous session of SCF and inaugurated the school of political thoughts established by Babasaheb Ambedkar in Mumbai. Form this we can understand his level of political maturity he had gained by being in the field of politics. By virtue of his administrative and proven public service capabilities and skill many important ministerial portfolios were honored to him.

The premature and untimely death of Mahapran on 5th October, 1968 at Bongaon of 24 Parganas District of West Bengal created a great vacuum in the leadership of the backward classes in Bengal.


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